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The UK Climate Change Policy Before Brexit Referendum
Analysis and Forecasting. IMEMO Journal

The UK Climate Change Policy Before Brexit Referendum

DOI: 10.20542/afij-2023-3-49-61
© Tatiana N. ANDREEVA, 2023
Received 04.04.2023.
Revised 04.09.2023.
Accepted 15.11.2023.
Tatiana N. ANDREEVA (, ORCID 0000-0002-4160-8472,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.
The article is devoted to the problem of the UK policy on containment of global climate change mitigation since the 1990s to the date (June 23, 2016) of referendum about the UK exit from the European Union (Brexit). The UK engagement in solving the climate problem is considered through time: starting from the first approaches to reducing greenhouse gas emissions made by the conservative cabinet of John Major (1990–1997), via the attempts to outline the ways to effectively cut greenhouse gas emissions by domestic efforts while meeting the EU commitments and adhering to the United Nations climate agreement (Kyoto protocol) by the labour cabinets of Tony Blair (1997–2007) and Gordon Brown (2007–2010), and up to making concrete steps done by David Cameron – Nike Klegg coalition cabinet (2010–2015) and the conservative cabinet of D. Cameron (2015–2016) in order to implement international and domestic ‘green agenda’ during the UK recovery from a deep recession and afterwards. The problem is scrutinized with the use of a vast number of official documents and White papers on the climate change policy of British governments, the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change, the UK Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Foreign Office. The article shows that the implementation of energy efficiency programs and the diversification of the British energy sector towards rapid application of the low-carbon technologies (the nuclear power and the renewable energy sources) were the main driving force behind the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions as an important part of the domestic and international efforts for global climate change mitigation. The government support to the UK fast-growing green economy is seen in the article as the way to create the British and global low-carbon economy of the future.


About the author: Tatiana N. ANDREEVA, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Senior Researcher, Sector for European Integration Political Aspects, Department for European Political Studies.
Competing interests: no potential competing financial or non-financial interest was reported by the author.
Funding: no funding was received for conducting this study.

For citation:

Andreeva T. The UK Climate Change Policy Before Brexit Referendum. Analysis & Forecasting. Journal of IMEMO, 2023, no 3, pp. 49-61.

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