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The Problem of the UK Energy Security During and after Brexit (March 2017Ц2022)
Analysis and Forecasting. IMEMO Journal

The Problem of the UK Energy Security During and after Brexit (March 2017Ц2022)

DOI: 10.20542/afij-2023-1-45-57
EDN: VITWHN
© Tatiana N. ANDREEVA, 2023
Received 09.01.2023.
Revised 09.03.2023.
Accepted 22.05.2023.
Tatiana N. ANDREEVA (andreeva@imemo.ru), ORCID: 0000-0002-4160-8472,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation.
The article is devoted to the problem of the ensuring the UK energy security during the UK exit from the European Union (Brexit) (March 28, 2017 – December 31, 2020) and after it (till 2022). The problem is considered in its evolution: from the cabinets of Theresa May (July 2016 – July 2019), via the activity of the Boris Johnson’s cabinets (July 2019 – September 2022), and up to the steps made by Liz Truss’s cabinet (September – October 2022) and by the current cabinet of Rishi Sunak (from October 25, 2022 till now) to strengthen the UK energy security.
The article shows that the diversification of the British energy sector into the direction of growing use of low-cost, low-carbon electricity generation (on the nuclear power and the renewable energy sources) was a key for solving simultaneously several problems during and after Brexit. The quick development of the electricity generation by the renewable energy sources (especially by the construction of offshore wind and solar farms) helped to reduce the dependence of British economy on the fossil fuel supply from unstable countries of the world and from the EU and in this regard was considered by T. May’s cabinet as a mean to strengthen the UK’s position in Brexit negotiation with the EU.
The successful development of electricity generation from renewable energy sources also facilitated the reduction of greenhouse gases emission (as a part of international efforts to mitigate global climate change) along with the UK economic growth and let the UK, as the first country in the world, set course for decarbonization of British economy by 2050. The author comes to the conclusion that the problems of reducing greenhouse gases emission and of reaching self-sufficiency by the British energy system have remained the main ones in ensuring the UK energy security after Brexit.

Keywords

About the author: Tatiana N. ANDREEVA, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Senior Researcher, Sector for European Integration Political Aspects, Department for European Political Studies.
 
Competing interests: no potential competing financial or non-financial interest was reported by the author.

For citation:

Andreeva T. The Problem of the UK Energy Security During and after Brexit (March 2017Ц2022). Analysis & Forecasting. Journal of IMEMO, 2023, no 1, pp. 45-57. https://doi.org/10.20542/afij-2023-1-45-57

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